Today, several dental filling materials are available. Teeth can be filled with silver amalgam or tooth-colored, plastic and glass materials called composite resin fillings.
Advantages of tooth-colored composite fillings are:
- Aesthetics – the shade/color of the composites can be closely matched to the color of existing teeth; is particularly well suited for use in front teeth or visible parts of teeth
- Bonding to tooth structure – composite fillings actually chemically bond to tooth structure, providing further support to the tooth
- Versatility in uses – in addition to use as a filling material for decay, composite fillings can also be used to repair chipped, broken or worn teeth
- Tooth-sparing preparation – sometimes less tooth structure needs to be removed compared with amalgams when removing decay and preparing for the filling
The dental inlay restores the chewing surface of the tooth. This type of restoration used to repair rear teeth with mild to moderate decay or cracked and fractured teeth that are not damaged enough for a porcelain crown.
Firstly, the dentist creates an impression of the tooth and send it to the laboratory, where the dental inlay will be made, using the specifications of the tooth that needs restoration. The porcelain the laboratory uses to create the dental inlay, will match the shade of the patient’s teeth.
Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment is a sequence of dental surgical procedures carried out to eliminate the infected blood vessels and nerves (known as the pulp) in a tooth’s root canal system and isolate the decontaminated root filling from further bacterial infection with a filling. If root canal treatment is not carried out, the infection can spread and the tooth will need to be extracted.
Root canal treatment is a dental procedure carried out under local anesthetic. The treatment should not be painful and certainly no more unpleasant than having a filling.
First the dentist cleans and disinfects the root/s and places a medicinal filling. In most cases to help ensure the success of the treatment, your dentist will usually allow a healing period before he removes the gutta percha temporary filling then cleans the area again before the root is closed with either a permanent cement filling or more often, a crown.
In many cases the infection in the bone tissue at the apex of the root of an infected tooth will heal naturally however medication can also be administered when necessary.
Professional teeth cleaning
Professional cleaning includes tooth scaling and tooth polishing and debridement if too much tartar has accumulated.
This involves the use of various instruments or devices to loosen and remove deposits from the teeth